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初中英语语法归纳:形容词

发布时间:2018-01-10 02:27  作者:极品课件站  点击数:

  初中英语学习最难的是语法,因为英语的语法跟汉语的语法有很大的不同。对于从小就生活在中国的同学们,学起英语语法来会显得特别吃力。下面为大家讲解一下初中英语形容词的语法特点。希望大家的英语语法的学习越来越好。

  二、形容词和副词

  1. 形容词的用法

  (1) 形容词在句中作定语, 表语, 宾语补足语。 例如:

  Our country is a beautiful country. (作定语)

  The fish went bad. (作表语)

  We keep our classroom clean and tidy. (作宾语补足语)

  (2) 形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,形容词放在名词后面。

  I have something important to tell you.

  Is there anything interesting in the film.

  (3) 用 and 或 or 连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。

  Everybody, man and woman, old and young, should attend the meeting.

  You can take any box away, big or small.

  (4) the+形容词表示一类人或物

  The rich should help the poor.

  2. 副词的用法

  (1) 副词在句中可作状语,表语和定语。

  He studies very hard. (作状语)

  Life here is full of joy. (作定语)

  When will you be back? (作表语)

  副词按其用途和含义可分为下面五类:

  1)时间副词

  时间副词通常用来表示动作的时间。常见的时间副词有:now today, tomorrow, yesterday, before, late, early, never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always等。例如:

  He often comes to school late.

  What are we going to do tomorrow?

  He is never been to Beijing.

  2)地点副词

  地点副词通常用来表示动作发生的地点。常见的地点副词有:here, there, inside, outside, home, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere, down, up, off, on, in, out等。例如:

  I met an old friend of mine on my way home.

  He went upstairs.

  Put down your name here.

  3)方式副词

  方式副词一般都是回答“怎样的?”这类问题的,其中绝大部分都是由一个形容词加词尾-ly构成的, 有少数方式副词不带词尾-ly, 它们与形容词同形。常见的方式副词有:anxiously, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, proudly, rapidly, suddenly, successfully, angrily, happily, slowly, warmly, well, fast, slow, quick, hard, alone, high, straight, wide等。例如:

  The old man walked home slowly.

  Please listen to the teacher carefully.

  The birds are flying high.

  He runs very fast.

  4)程度副词

  程度副词多数用来修饰形容词和副词,有少数用来修饰动词或介词短语。常见的程度副词有:much, (a) little, a bit, very, so, too, enough, quite, rather, pretty, greatly, completely, nearly, almost, deeply, hardly, partly等。例如:

  Her pronunciation is very good.

  She sings quite well.

  I can hardly agree with you.

  5)疑问副词是用来引导特殊疑问句的副词。常见的疑问副词有:how, when, where, why等。例如:

  How are you getting along with your studies?

  Where were you yesterday?

  Why did you do that?

  (2)副词在句中的位置

  1)多数副词作状语时放在动词之后。如果动词带有宾语,则放在宾语之后。例如:

  Mr Smith works very hard.

  She speaks English well.

  2)频度副词作状语时,通常放在行为动词之前,情态动词,助动词和be动词之后。例如:

  He usually gets up early.

  I’ve never heard him singing.

  She is seldom ill.

  3)程度副词一般放在所修饰的形容词和副词的前面, 但enough作副词用时,通常放在被修饰词的后面。例如:

  It is a rather difficult job.

  He runs very fast.

  He didn’t work hard enough.

  4)副词作定语时,一般放在被修饰的名词之后。例如:

  On my way home, I met my uncle.

  The students there have a lot time to do their own research work.

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